Argument is reasoning process expressed as a set of premises and logic operations given in support or in opposition of an idea or concept


Argument is reasoning process that links one set of Propositions (called premises) to another set of Propositions (called conclusions).

Examples of arguments:

  • Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore Socrates is mortal.
  • I came to work at 9:05. Work starts at 9:00. Therefore I'm late.
  • All DNR has common structure. Therefore evolution is likely to be true.

Definition of Arguments

Arguments are defined explicitly by creating an instance of entity Argument and filling in appropriate properties. Link to create Arguments can be found here - Create an Argument.

Arguments have following properties:

  • Formal argument - lists of Premises and Conclusions
    • Premises - List of Propositions acting as Premises of the Argument. Premise is also known as a reason or assumption.
    • Conclusions - List of Propositions acting as Conclusions of the Argument.
  • Explanation - Full text explanation of the Argument. Extra details or information that did not fit into other structured properties can be added. Explanation supports Markdown syntax and can include other Entities.
  • References - One or more reference to outside literature where further information can be found.
  • Validity Properties - A list of epistemic properties for the Arguments. These properties are described in a separate page.
  • Name - Specific name for the Argument, if Argument is simple or transparent then the name can be skipped.
  • Context - Specific Context that groups Arguments into relevant groups.
  • Tags - One or more tags used to provide simple linking of Entities into simple ad hoc contexts.
  • Url - Sanitized name of the Argument to be used in technical linking of the Argument.

Example Argument can be inspected here:

Arguments can be embedded into any full text explanation field by using following syntax:

#argument([Url or text of the Argument])

Usage of Arguments

Arguments link Propositions together into a network of Propositions that shows reasoning logic in specified Context. Most of the times Arguments are almost transparent and shows up only as a list of Propositions acting either as Premises or Conclusions.

Arguments can be linked in Articles to clearly show reasoning logic.

Last updated on 7/11/2021

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